African countries need to stop exporting minerals in their raw form and start focusing on value addition the United Nations (UN) Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) has said
According to the fifth edition of an analysis titled the African Governance Report published by the ECA, Africa has been slow to convert its natural resources endowments to tangible development outcomes because of weaknesses in governance,
The report, which was launched during the ongoing ECA Conference of Ministers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, argues that the good governance of natural resources in Africa requires institutions that have both the proper mandate and capacity to manage resources efficiently. They also require the capabilities to formulate, implement and enforce sound policies and regulations.
Abdalla Hamdok, ECA Deputy Executive Secretary and Chief Economist, said although natural resources had become a central activity on the continent, there remains serious challenges to achieving sustainable and inclusive growth with value-added outputs.
He explained that good governance is the key to enabling resource-rich countries to effectively transform their economies.
“Africa is very rich in minerals but has very little value addition to them, leading to less revenues generated by countries from natural resources,” said Mr Hamdok when commenting on the common strategy of exporting commodities in their raw form.
“Countries need to critically think on the importance of value addition for their exports if they want to benefit fully from it,” he added.
Adam Elhiraika, ECA Director of the Macroeconomic Policy Division, said ownership rights to natural is the major challenge to good resource governance in Africa. In relation to economic diversification, he stated that African countries dependent on natural resources that are limited lead to economies with an inability to spread growth to other sectors and across the population.
The report, based on case studies from eight geographically diverse countries, including Botswana, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Egypt, Madagascar, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda, drew upon a range of empirical evidence. ‘Among these countries, Botswana is the only country that has a long term development plan on the utilization of its natural resources for the benefit of its citizens.’ noted Mr Elhiraika.
Speaking at the launch Bience Gawanas, UN Secretary-General’s Special Adviser on Africa, said that the “paradox for African countries is that they are rich in resources yet they are poor because only very few benefit from these resources.”
“Resources should not just increase the GDP of our countries but improve the lives of our people,” she added.
The report has called for the strengthening of institutional and regulatory frameworks to enhance transparency and accountability in economic governance.
The ECA believes that such effective governance is vital for sustainable development, poverty eradication and socio-economic transformation.
The organization has stated that the report recommendations and key messages arising from the discussion will now contribute to ongoing efforts to strengthen Africa’s natural resources sector as a stakeholder and enabler of development on the continent.