Central Bank of Nigeria launches clean notes policy

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The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) said it is reiterating its commitment to replacing unfit and dirty banknotes in circulation, with the launch of the Clean Notes Policy and Banknotes Fitness Guidelines.

The two important policy documents unveiled, would assist the public and critical stakeholders to identify banknotes that are fit for circulation and those unfit to be withdrawn from circulation.

Speaking at the launch, the CBN Governor, Godwin Emefiele, said the bank has the responsibility of preserving the integrity of the Naira and sustaining public confidence in the national currency as enshrined in Section 2 of the CBN Act 2007.

Emefiele said the bank will strive to preserve the integrity of the country’s currency by ensuring an optimal supply of clean and quality banknotes in a balanced denominational mix to meet public demand, while also maintaining a balanced currency structure that is both efficient and cost effective.

The CBN Governor, who was represented by the Deputy Governor, Operations, Ade Shonubi, noted that the responsibility for clean notes in circulation is not exclusively that of the bank, rather a collaborative effort between the central bank, banknote suppliers, deposit money banks (DMBs), manufacturers of currency management equipment, currency transportation and processing companies, security agencies, and the general public.

Emefiele revealed that eight companies have been registered to carry out Cash-In-Transit (CIT) and two others as Cash Processing Companies (CPC), while commercial banks are expected to patronise only these registered companies. He said “it is hoped that this would encourage unregistered companies to come under the regulatory purview of the Central Bank and ensure a nationwide coverage of these services”.

The Director of Currency Operations, Mrs. Priscilla Eleje, stated that the banks are now incentivized to perform their functions under the new directive, as the processing charges for deposit of lower denomination banknotes have been reduced to 5 naira from 50 naira.

Eleje said while the move was to encourage the return of unsorted banknotes to CBN for processing, she warned that the new move to ensure clean naira notes in circulation comes with sanctions for non-compliance.

According to the Director, banks must now accept mutilated and unfit notes from customers and return them to CBN, as it is now a collective effort to end dirty notes in circulation.She said the CBN has put in place strategies to enable direct disbursement of lower banknotes to various market associations and merchants through their respective commercial banks


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