ICT

Facebook Creates Density Maps to Help Address Social and Infrastructure Challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Facebook has announced an ambitious plan to address large-scale social, health and infrastructure challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Together with key non-profit and research partners, the company plans to use artificial intelligence (AI) and big data to address challenges that range from rural electrification in Tanzania to vaccinating people in remote corners of Malawi.

The leading social media company aims to create the world’s most detailed and accurate maps of local populations. Facebook also partners with Columbia University’s Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) to ensure that this effort leverages the best available administrative data for all countries involved.

The Boston-based Facebook team uses advanced computer vision and machine learning to combine satellite imagery from Digital Globe with public census data and other sources to create detailed population density maps of Africa.

Using Facebook’s machine learning capabilities, Facebook started developing population density maps to provide better tools to support connectivity efforts around the world. No Facebook data has been or will be used in the project and the census and satellite data used contain no personally identifiable information.

High-resolution satellite imagery already exists for much of the world. However, prior to Facebook’s mapping project, it would have required countless hours for volunteers to comb through millions of square miles of pictures to identify which contained a tiny town or remote village.

“I have witnessed first-hand the critical role that accurate data plays in the effectiveness of humanitarian efforts,” said Laura McGorman, a Public Policy Manager at Facebook.

“What’s exciting about projects like these that they provide an opportunity for our company to contribute to these efforts through our expertise in data and machine learning,” she added.

In Malawi, a drive known as the Missing Maps Project used these AI-powered maps to filter out the 97% of the terrain that is uninhabited. This helped to coordinate the efforts of 3,000 Red Cross volunteers in Malawi who visited roughly 100,000 houses in just three days to educate people about measles and rubella vaccines

“The maps from Facebook ensure we focus our volunteers’ time and resources on the places they’re most needed, improving the efficacy of our programs,” said Tyler Radford, Executive Director of the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team, which is part of the Missing Maps Project.

The maps have been used by aid groups like the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the World Bank, and Humanitarian OpenStreetMap. In Tanzania, Facebook’s AI-powered maps helped kick-start efforts to bring renewable electrification to rural areas.

The Facebook population density maps project now aims to keep adding new continents and countries.

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